Cerebral Palsy (CP) ) is defined as persistent not progressive disorder of posture and movement system, associated with functional activity limitations and sensorial, cognitive, communication problems, epilepsy, and musculoskeletal system problems. This disorder results in posture and movement deficiencies.
      Functional independence levels of these children are affected negatively due to secondary disorders such as various musculoskeletal deformations and tertiary disorders due to different compensation mechanisms that develop over time. Although the damage is not progressive, manifestations of deficiency and disability may be progressive.


Cerebral Palsy caused by:
  • Infections in pregnancy like German measles (rubella)
  • Severe jaundice
  • Parents taking feto-toxic drugs during pregnancy
  • Severe brain infection in infancy (Meningitis, Encephalitis)
  • Lack of oxygen to vulnerable areas of brain due to:
    • Bleeding
    • Prolonged labor
    • Birth traumas
    • Circulatory disturbances during pregnancy, especially involving placenta
  • Some rare hereditary diseases that resemble CP
The four types of Cerebral Palsy are Spastic, Athetoid, Ataxic and Mixed
Zerif


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